Keeping tabs on suffragettes: the official watchlist

Annie Kenny and Christabel Pankhurst in 1906 (catalogue reference: COPY 1/494)

Annie Kenny and Christabel Pankhurst in 1906 (catalogue reference: COPY 1/494)

To coincide with the nationwide release of the film Suffragette, the official watchlist containing details of over 1,300 suffragette arrests has been published online by Ancestry, in association with The National Archives.

Digitised from the original record held at The National Archives in Kew, the online collection – England, Suffragettes Arrested, 1906-1914 – lists the names of those arrested for the cause, along with the places and number of times they were arrested (HO 45/24665).

The records feature details on the detention of some of the notable female activists, such as Sylvia and Emmeline Pankhurst, Annie Kenney and Emily Wilding Davison.

Listed under each suffragette are the places and number of times they were arrested: one suffragette, Annie Bell, was arrested a staggering 14 times. Occasionally there are added notes which give an insight into the treatment of suffragettes, such as the entry for Frances Gordon which reads ‘Replies to questions on forcible feeding have been registered’.

Suffragettes: not just women

Mr C W Bryce the photographer dressed as a suffragette. Catalogue Reference: COPY 1/504/38454

Mr C W Bryce the photographer dressed as a suffragette (catalogue reference: COPY 1/504/38454)

One of the interesting insights this record provides is the number of male activists who campaigned and were arrested as part of the suffragette movement. The record reveals the names of over 100 men, as well as over 1,200 women, detained as a result of their fight for equal voting rights at the turn of the 20th century.

One male activist was Hugh Arthur Franklin, who was arrested five times from 1910-13 and was the first person to be released under the famous Cat and Mouse Act of 1913.

A family affair

The records show that the suffragette movement could involve the whole family – the most famous example being Sylvia, Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst, of course.

However, there were many other suffragette families, such as Isabella and Eileen Casey, mother and daughter – who I wrote about in my previous blog, after meeting their relative who was researching family history here at The National Archives.

Eileen and Isabella Casey's entry on the Home Office list (catalogue reference HO 45/24665)

Eileen and Isabella Casey’s entry on the Home Office list (catalogue reference HO 45/24665)

The official watchlist also shows where women used aliases to conceal their identities. When you get to the index tab ‘U’, there are vast numbers of arrests listed as ‘unknown’, presumably where the person has refused to give their name. However, in quite a few instances it is then followed by a name, which was probably added afterwards if they received the details by other means.

'Unknown' entries on Home Office list of suffragettes arrested 1906-1914 (catalogue reference HO 45/24665)

‘Unknown’ entries on Home Office list of suffragettes arrested 1906-1914 (catalogue reference HO 45/24665)

Arrests across Britain and Ireland

'Unknown' entries on Home Office list of suffragettes arrested 1906-1914 (catalogue reference HO 45/24665)

Home Office list of suffragettes arrested 1906-1914 (catalogue reference HO 45/24665)

While the majority of arrests were in London, specifically Westminster and Bow Street due to the main protests being held outside Government buildings, these records reveal the extent of the oppression throughout Britain and Ireland.

There were arrests in big cities such as Birmingham, Bristol, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Glasgow and Dublin – but it doesn’t end there. It also shows the spread throughout other towns and cities such as Southend-on-Sea, Oxford, Cheltenham, Crewe, Croydon and Bromley.

There are a number of records in our collection on the suffragette movement, which are part of a number of file series such as Home Office and Metropolitan Police records. You can view and download copies of a selection of extracts and photographs from across the collection on our image library and read more about the suffragettes on The National Archives blog.

 

11 comments

  1. Morag Sutherland says:

    You mentioned other parts of the UK. Are there any mentions of arrests in the Highlands of Scotland please?

    1. Patrick Flynn says:

      Can you state what the numbers in the right hand column of the pages listing suffragette arrests relate to?

      Thanks

      Patrick

    2. Simon Demissie says:

      Hi Patrick,

      Those codes are Home Office references that clerks used at the time to identify other correspondence that may relate to those individuals.

      The correspondence may or may not survive, but you can learn more by looking at our research guide on the subject: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/home-office-correspondence-1782-1979/.

      Simon

  2. […] Keeping tabs on suffragettes: the official watchlist […]

  3. Rebecca Simpson says:

    Hi Morag,
    Thanks for your interest in the blog. The majority of arrests were in London and major cities across England, Ireland and Scotland which included Glasgow and Aberdeen.

    1. Morag Sutherland says:

      Thanks. I just picked this up! !

  4. Jan Bow says:

    Hello – I see that the records, England, Suffragettes Arrested, 1906-1914, are now available on Ancestry. I do not subscribe to Ancestry and do not have any other reason to do so, so I wonder how I can search these records without doing so. I do not live in the UK.

    1. Nell Brown (Admin) says:

      Hi Jan,

      Unfortunately we’re unable to help with family history requests on the blog, but if you go to our contact us page: http://nationalarchives.gov.uk/contact/ you’ll see how to get in touch with our record experts via phone, email or live chat.

      I hope that helps.

      Nell

  5. Abigail says:

    Hi I’m currently doing my dissertation in my third year at university on police violence towards suffragettes from 1906-1914. I was wondering if there was anyway i could come in to view these documents or get access to them all by some other means? Also if there were any other of your archives or places i could get access to police records of such arrests and violent demonstrations you can think of that would be brilliant! Thank you!

  6. Sarah Castagnetti says:

    Hi Abigail, anyone is free to visit The National Archives and see the records in our collection. We can give you advice on how to carry out your research if you email us using our contact form https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/contact-us/. We look forward to hearing from you.

  7. Julian Davies says:

    I am not sure what is the purpose of the photograph of Mr Bryce dressed as a woman. was Mr Bryce supporting the extension of the suffrage or was he mocking the demand? Do you have any knowledge of his political opinions with regard to the suffrage? Was he married to a suffragette, the son of suffragette?

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