Creating our Cold War exhibition

When Steve Burgess and Juliette Johnstone from our events and exhibitions team first approached me about curating an exhibition on the Cold War, I was flattered – but I also felt daunted by the challenge. The Cold War – the 46-year struggle (1945-1991) for global supremacy by the superpowers – is such a massive topic with so many potential avenues to explore. How could we ‘narrow it down’, given the limitations of our available space?

Themes emerge

Through a process of reflecting and discussion with colleagues, various themes began to emerge: these included Britain and the Bomb, wargaming, civil defence, espionage, and protest. I embarked on the research, starting with the documents I knew about already and investigating new sources. I started background reading in earnest, and organised a series of document displays for colleagues across The National Archives, to obtain their reactions to the documents.

An exhibition project is very much a team effort. Over time, we came to the view that the exhibition should focus on the impact of the Cold War on Britain. I became particularly fascinated by Security Service files detailing the exploits of infamous spies and traitors.

Mark Dunton is shown sat at a table reading a file which concerns the spy Guy Burgess. Also on the table are files labelled 'Secret' and 'Top Secret'

Mark Dunton researching a file about the spy Guy Burgess

As with all projects, there were various phases. Following a competition process, external designers Simon Leach Design were appointed. Juliette and I agreed the selection of the documents for the showcases. We also asked our record copying team to scan many documents for us.

Meetings began with the designers, and the layout and theming of the exhibition gradually took shape, going through many modifications. We came to the view that one half of the exhibition should be themed as a government bunker, and the other half should reflect the impact of the Cold War on the home. We began working together on the graphic designs such as the maps of Europe, the destructive power of nuclear weapons detonations and the Regional Seats of Government (the most famous of the Government bunker systems).

The process was an eye-opener for me, I had never been involved in such an ambitious project before.

By December 2018, we had a first draft of the text for the labels in the document showcases and the panels on the walls. This text went through many refinements: it was seen by several pairs of ‘eagle-eyes’ and checked many times for factual accuracy, spelling and grammar.

Careful work

In the new year, the time came for the documents to be inspected by Collection Care, (who conserve the documents we hold), to make sure that they were in sufficiently good condition to display. They also needed to begin addressing the issue of how they should be displayed – whether they should be on mounting boards, for example. A lot of precise and dedicated work was carried out by expert conservators, including very careful arrangements about the light exposure for the documents.

Conservator Jamie Beveridge is shown at work in the Collection Care department preparing materials to mount documents on 'museum board' so that they can be displayed in the Cold War exhibition

Conservator Jamie Beveridge preparing materials to mount documents onto ‘museum board’ so they can be displayed in the exhibition

Attention also turned to the audio-visual features. I was interviewed by Digital Drama for our exhibition film, which gives an overview of the Cold War. It is very well shot and edited, with some well-chosen Pathé news clips. I still can’t quite believe that I am in a line-up which also includes Dame Stella Rimington, the former Director-General of MI5, and Dominic Sandbrook, the television presenter and historian. I also worked closely with na films, who produced a gripping audio-visual experience – the dramatisation of the WINTEX-CIMEX war exercise document from 1983.

New ground

We’ve broken new ground with this exhibition, as we are showcasing several items of popular culture alongside the documents. We wanted to make visitors reflect on just how much the Cold War affected popular culture – whether pop music, literature, films, games and toys. Staff donated items, which you can see in our 1980s living room cabinet, including pop records, Ian Fleming and Le Carré novels, and ‘Action Man’.

At times, it felt as if the process of checking text and designs would never end, but of course, it did. Then it was time for the installation process, carried out by the events and exhibitions team and outside consultants. It was wonderful to see the exhibition take shape, such as the 1980s-themed cupboard under the stairs (an inner refuge as proposed in the government’s advice to the householder, ‘Protect and Survive’).

This photograph shows the 'inner refuge' under the stairs, as proposed in the Government's advice leaflet 'Protect and Survive' under construction. A person is standing on a set of steps within it, carrying out decoration.

The ‘inner refuge’ under the stairs under construction

We opened on schedule on 4 April, the 70th anniversary of the birth of NATO. We are so pleased with reaction to the exhibition, in the media and from the public. It has already prompted many people to contribute their memories of, and reflections on, the Cold War on our witness wall (using 1980s-style typewriters to do so, if they wish!). We are delighted that people are joining in.

Two document showcases are shown in the section of the exhibition entitled 'A new conflict emerges'. The famous quotation from Winston Churchill is displayed on the wall above: 'From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent'. This was part of a speech made by Churchill at Fulton, Missouri, USA, on 5 Mar 1946

Document showcases in the section entitled ‘A new conflict emerges’

The warm reception for our Cold War exhibition shows the growing interest in contemporary history. This is a history that many people can still remember, but it is ‘proper history’ nonetheless: just as worthy of exploration as the Tudors and Stuarts. We hope that the exhibition and our Cold War season will lead to a better appreciation of how the Cold War affected Britain.


  1. Vicki says:

    I was lucky enough to go on one of Mark’s guided tours of the exhibition on opening day, so it’s great to read this ‘behind the scenes’ blog about how it was all put together. I was really struck by the immersive style of the exhibition and the inclusion of items of popular culture, which I’m sure will stimulate a lot of further interest in the subject matter. Fascinating, and well worth a second visit.

    1. Mark Dunton says:

      Thank you for your kind comments Vicki, it’s great to have this positive feedback

  2. temtsel hao says:

    i am going to visit the cold war exhibition today, my first time to national archive

  3. Richard says:

    As always an interesting and informative post. Having popped in after researching in the Reading Rooms (spookily on a Cold War topic) I can say that the exhibition is very good from a lot of perspectives – graphics, visitor flow and interaction, information showcased and (lastly) accessibility to visitors. For me one of the highlights is the Cold War Witness board at the end of the exhibition. Given the role of the Archives, the exhibitions can be a little ‘niche’ and daunting to those without background knowledge. Not this one – it grabs attention from the ‘Pass issuing counter’ and holds it throughout. I shall certainly make time to do the exhibition justice.

  4. Cameron Gill says:

    This exhibition not only reflects on one of the most important periods of 20th century history but also showcases the important role of archives; especially national archives, in preserving the documentary record of historic events

  5. Sarah says:

    It’s a great exhibition which I found fascinating. It also engaged my children (12, 15, 18) who were interested in what I remembered from the 1970s and 80s and loved using the typewriters to add my recollections to the witness board. The eldest also took pleasure in being able to explain nuclear fission and fusion to me (don’t test me).

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