Air raids were one of the main strategies employed during the Second World War by both Nazi Germany and the allied forces. On 7 September 1940, 75 years ago today, the first night of what would become one of the most devastating continuous nighttime aerial bombing raids over London, known as the Blitz, began.
Derived from the word â€˜Blitzkriegâ€™, meaning lightning war, the Blitz saw the sustained, targeted bombing of civilians by Nazi Germany. Between September 1940 and May 1941 the German Luftwaffe attacked the city on over 70 separate occasions, with around 1 million homes being destroyed and killing over 20,000 civilians.
Beginning of the London Blitz
The aim of these air raids was to cause death and destruction. Damaging the infrastructure of a city would in turn reduce the cityâ€™s ability to support the countryâ€™s war effort, and the raids which began on 7 September 1940 were no exception. Earlier, during the day, a raid of 350 German bombers advanced up the Thames estuary, targeting the docks. 1 Continue reading »
- 1.Â A. Price,Â Blitz on Britain 1939-45, (Stroud, 2009) ^