Our Keeperâ€™s Gallery currently features a display highlighting the Jacobite Rebellions of 1715 and 1745. The Jacobites supported the restoration of the Stuart line to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland following the deposition of James Stuart (James II) in 1688. Jacobitism was a persistent and very real threat to the government for the best part of a century, peaking with the risings of 1715 and 1745. In Scotland the movement was fuelled by the unpopularity of the parliamentary Union with England in 1707, and this resentment increased with the succession of the House of Hanover and George I in 1714. In England there was strong opposition to the Whig domination of George Iâ€™s government and some sympathy for the Jacobites, particularly in the north-east. The name is taken from Jacobus, the Latin for James.
The pen and ink portrait dated c1722 is of James Francis Edward Stuart (â€˜Old Pretenderâ€™) who was the son and heir of James II. Underneath the portrait is a quotation from the Odes of Horace. The portrait and the poem were in the possession of Francis Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester, when he was arrested for conspiring with the Jacobites in 1722.